Faster Than the Speed of Light

Since Albert Einstein published his theory of relativity (E=Mc2)in 1905, scientists have accepted the speed of light ( almost 300,000 kilometers per second) as the fastest speed possible.
Now, scientists at the CERN (European Center for Nuclear Research) laboratory in Switzerland believe they may have timed* a neutrino (a subatomic, electrically neutral particle*) going faster than that.
If true, it would be an amazing development,* bringing humanity a giant step closer to interstellar* travel.  Unfortunately, even the scientists at CERN are skeptical.  “The feeling that most people have is this can’t be right, this can’t be real,” said James Gillies, a CERN spokesman.
However, they have been checking* the results for months and not found any errors.  So, they have asked other scientists to try and either confirm or refute* their results.  Unfortunately, there are only two other laboratories in the world which have the equipment to do such experiments.
Vocabulary:
time – změřit (trvání, čas)
particle – částice
development – vývoj
interstellar – mezihvězdný
check – ověřovat
refute – vyvrátit
Question for discussion:  
How would this change the world?

English Farmer Dyes* Sheep Orange

English farmer John Heard has dyed his sheep – all 250 of them – bright orange.
Heard, 48, said “Sheep rustling* has become a big problem with ewes* worth around 140 pounds (almost 160 euros) each.  My flock* roams* Dartmoor and I was getting fed up* losing them.  My son James suggested the orange dye and although it produces some strange looking sheep it has done the trick and I haven’t lost one this year.  It works because they are so easy to distinguish* making it easier for me and my neighbors to keep a wary* eye out for them.*  Plus the rustlers are obviously nervous about stealing such easily distinguished animals.”
The dye is harmless* and it eventually wears off.
Although Mr. Heard has solved his problem, sheep theft has increased dramatically across Britain in recent years.

Dyed in the Wool

Vocabulary:
dye – obarvit
rustling – krádež dobytka
ewe – ovce (samice)
flock – stádo
roam – potulovat se po
fed up – otrávený
distinguish – rozeznat
keep an eye out for –
dohlížet na
wary – ostražitý
harmless – neškodný
Question for discussion:
How can we stop theft?

Chinese Restaurant is Toilet

You have to have a strong stomach to eat at the Modern Toilet Restaurant in Kunming, China.
Not only are the seats made from toilets, and the walls decorated with urinals,* but the dishes have name like “excrement ice cream,” “toilet bowl* hot pot,” and “fried poo sticks.”  Even the food is served in what looks like miniature toilet bowls.
“Sometimes unusual combinations can work,” owner Xu Liang said.  So far, he is pleased with the restaurants success.  It has become particularly popular with students, who are willing* to try something new.
Yang Siwen, a local student who has eaten at the restaurant 3 times, said “I originally went in because I thought it was a toilet but then discovered* it was a restaurant and decided to give it a try.”

Eating in Comfort

Vocabulary:
urinal – pisoár
bowl – mísa
be willing – být ochoten
discover – objevit
Question for discussion:
Would you eat there?

Artist Builds Temporary* Hotel From Garbage*

German artist Ha Shult has built a temporary, 5 room hotel from garbage for the International Tourism fair* that is happening now in Madrid.
More than a third of the materials used to build the hotel were picked up on the beaches of France, Italy, Spain and Germany.  Bottles, bits of plastic, musical instruments, socks, books and tires* have been used.  The rooms contain recycled beds and chests of drawers.  Around the hotel, there is a sandy area with palm trees.
“I created the Beach Garbage Hotel because the oceans of our planet are the biggest garbage dump.*” Shult said.  Before Madrid, he had built a similar structure in Rome.
Shult is not going to make any money from this hotel.  Guests will be the winners of a competition* on Facebook.
“We wanted to show what our holidays could become if we don’t clean our beaches,” said Rose Piqueras, project spokeswoman.   She added that the beaches of southern Italy are the worst.

This Hotel Is Rubbish

Vocabulary:
temporary – provizorní
garbage – odpadky
fair – veletrh
tire – pneumatika
garbage dump – skládka odpadků
competition – soutěž
Question for discussion:
Is this a good way to recycle garbage?

10 Year Old Finds Supernova

Kathryn Gray, a 10 year old Canadian girl, recently became the youngest person ever to discover* a supernova.  “I’m really excited.  It feels really good,” she said.
A supernova is a massive star which has reached* the end of its life span* and exploded.
The star is in a distant galaxy, approximately 240 million light years away.  This means that the explosion actually happened 240 million years ago.
Gray’s father, Paul, is also an astronomer and has discovered 6 supernovas.
Supernovas are important because they help to estimate* the size and age of the universe.

Stellar* Child

Vocabulary:
discover – objevit
reach – dosáhnout
life span – životnost
estimate – odhadnout
stellar – hvězdný
Question for discussion:
What is a supernova?

Young Genius Gets in the Game

Bubble Ball is currently* the most frequently downloaded* iphone application.  It has been downloaded more than 2 million times.Perhaps the most amazing* thing about it is that it was created by a 14 year old boy.
Robert Nay, from Utah, USA, has been interested in computers for as long as he can remember.  He created his first website when he was in 3rd grade,* and even his teachers depend on* him to fix* their computer problems.
“It’s neat* to know that he’s brought a little fun and happiness to 2 million people,” Robert’s father, Don, said.
Robert is already working on his next game.
Vocabulary:
currently – v současné době
downloaded – stahovaný
amazing – překvapivý
grade – třída
depend on – záviset na
fix – opravit
neat – cool
Question for discussion:
Do you play games on your phone?

Robots Serve Chinese

At the Dalu Rebot restaurant, in northern China, all of the waitresses are robots.
There are still human beings working there, to greet customers and explain to them how the restaurant works, and in the kitchen.
“Next, we’ll develop* robots which can climb stairs and help with kitchen chores* like washing the dishes,” restaurant spokesman Zhang Yongpei said.  They haven’t fired* their chef yet, but it is only a matter of time.*
The 21 tables at the restaurant are arranged* in a circle, and the 6 mechanical waitresses follow a set* path* around them.

Taking Orders

Vocabulary:
develop – vyvinout
kitchen chore – práce v kuchyni
fire – vyhodit (z práce)
matter of time – otázka času
be arranged – být uspořádán
set – daný
path – trasa
Question for discussion:
What are the advantages to this system?